Sunday, January 13, 2013

Got JME? If not, you need some!

The hustle and bustle of the holidays has passed and hopefully you're starting to settle back into the routine of things. If you didn't already have one, I'm sure a tablet or mobile device has appeared on your radar - either through you, someone in your family, friends, the workplace, or your students. 

If you haven't heard of Joint Media Engagement, then the following is just for you! 

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Last year, while investigating more meaningful ways to use my new iPad in therapy, I ran across some great information via the Joan Ganz Cooney center about Joint Media Engagement. They have a whole PDF handout on JME

What is JME? Basically, it's how people learn together using technology!! While it maybe a simple concept to implement, it's not always the first thing that teachers, therapist, and parents think about when using technology. Many times technology becomes a reinforcing activity or a babysitter. Whether you realize it or not, you've probably used JME already. JME can be used with ALL ages from preschool to adults!

Joint Media Engagement is a term that is developing in it's own right. It will continue to evolve in the next few years, both from a research point of view as well as, hopefully, in practice. 

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There are 7 key features of Joint Media Engagement...
(Stevens, R., & Penuel, W.R. (2010). Studying and fostering learning through joint media engagement. Paper presented at the Principal Investigators Meeting of the National Science Foundation's Science of Learning Centers, Arlington, VA.)

Here is a quick introduction of JME! It is a simple concept even though it looks a little cumbersome listed here on the computer. If you're interested in what this is all about, then you've found the right place. I think we can't even talk about good technology usage without including JME. So without further adieu...

All of these components support meaningful learning - in a way that relates the content presented to the experiences in the learner's life.

1. At least two people must participate  

2. There must be at least one medium or content delivery system (a computer, tablet, app, etc)

3. There must be a common referent or focal point (participants are focus on the same media presentation)

4. At least partial attention is given to the medium

5. At least partial attention is given to the other participants

(The participants are shifting their attention between the media source and the other participants)

6. Interaction occurs between the participants (it's what they are doing together - conversing, taking turns, or playing a game, etc.)

7. Engagement occurs between the participants (it's what they are doing with the media source - watching, playing, reading, creating, surfing, etc.)

Why is Joint Media Engagement important?

1. Portable devices are designed specifically for INDIVIDUAL rather than JOINT attention. Therefore,   joint engagement with these devices must be deliberately fostered!! 

2. Students benefit the most from screen media when a more capable individual mediates the experience with them.
(Thakkar, R. R., Garrison, M. M., & Christakis, D. A. (2006). A Systematic Review for the Effects of Television Viewing by Infants and Preschoolers. Pediatrics, 118, 2025-2031)

3. We must teach students to have media literacy skills in order to be successful in today's media rich environment. These skills include critical thinking skills, oral and written communication skills, problem solving skills, collaboration, locating and accessing quality information, and media literacy skills. 
(Barron, B., Bofferding, L., Cayton-Hodges, G., Coople, C., Darling-Hammond, L., & Levine, M.H. (2001). Take a giant step: A blueprint for teaching young children in a digital age New York: Joan Ganz Cooney Center at Sesame Workshop.)

Now that you know about JME, are you using it?  If you're not sure, check back in as more is to come...

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